Project: Parnian House
Architect: Atelier White Cube
Location: Maku, Iran
Area: 6,458 sf
Photo by: Farshid Nasrabadi
Parnian House by the White Cube Atelier
Parnian House is a stunning modern house located in the border city of Iran, Maku. Designed by White Cube Atelier, this house utilizes natural light from two sides and has access to stunning views of Mount Ararat. This minimalist residence is a family home and the concept is formed around family life where all communal spaces are easily accessed but private areas are kept secret.
The Parnian house was designed and built for a family of 4 in the border town of Maku. This property has the potential to harness the sun's rays from the south and north and the beautiful views to Mount Ararat and the height of the south. Concept formation is the result of challenges between the client and the architect; The commission is to make different family homes and to consider meeting spatial requirements at one level different from the popularity of duplex houses in this district.
So we initiated a dialogue on spatial relationships and redefined typical residential plans based on limited gross area. Spatial organization formed in 70 percent dirty area with a step back 1.5 meters on the ground floor allocated for public spaces such as parking, lobby, mechanical space, and multifunctional space with large windows connected to the southern courtyard.
The first floor can be accessed via 2 routes; one is a light metal staircase in the yard and the other is a closed stair and elevator. The vestibule is designed as an entrance that enhances interaction between occupants and space; the kitchen next door, the private zone on the right and the public zone on the left are arranged.
The internal void above the vestibule creates a crossing point in the heart of the living room that integrates private and public spaces and allows the entrance and 3rd bedroom to fully utilize the sun's rays while providing the potential to simulate a semi-enclosed court yard.
The private zone includes 3 bedrooms; the master bedroom, whose privacy is provided through vertical flexible wooden lattices, Parnian's bedroom is prevented from being seen directly from the road through retreats and illuminated in the morning sun as a result of the volume of wood folded on the façade and 3rd bedroom, in addition cancel, ignites through natural light penetration.
The public zone is allocated to the living room and hall with stretched French windows introducing natural light into the interior and allowing coexistence and dialogue between space and daylight as well as ventilation. Connected to the second floor via a lightweight wooden staircase. The second floor includes a spacious terrace that provides a comfortable environment, where residents can enjoy various activities.
The folded surface is reflected in all the details of the project from facade programming to false ceiling designs and lobby walls. The design approach generally includes: To focus on open space, court yard, concepts and functions related to living space.
Consider the number and quality of daylight hours and their ratio of space functions. To think about the dimensions and proportions of yards. To determine the number of views to open space and sky. To define a roof not only as a separation of a building from the sky but also as a surface between the built environment and the sky.
–Atelier White Cube